U.S. Civil War

A Brief Summary:

Our intention is not to repeat all of the history behind this war since it is already well documented at other locations on the Web. Suffice it to say that we have an extensive selection of pieces on display at our museum.

The War between the States! Fought between 1861 and 1865 by The Union, the United States of America, and the secessionist southern states, also known as The Confederate States of America.

During this period there were approximately 3 million soldiers engaged in the War and over 620,000 men perished during the four and a half year period.

Vermonters, also known as "The Green Mountain Boys", played a large part during this war. It is claimed that there was a higher percentage of Vermonters killed vs. the total number of volunteers than any other state except one. For an comprehensive look at a virtual museum with an excellent record of Vermonters who fought and perished during this conflict, visit

Our museum's pride and joy is our 17x28 painting of Sheridan's Ride that we have at this link or through our "Other Displays" section on the navigation bar to the right. It depicts the Battle of Cedar Creek in Virginia, which included a force of the 8th Vermont brigade "Green Mountain Boys", as painted by Vermont native Charles H. Andrus

A significant battle for the Green Mountain Boys, this battle was the culmination of the Union counterattack led by General Phil Sheridan in October 1864! The Vermont Brigade rode through Middletown and helped break the Confederate defenses on the high ground near Belle Grove.

Provided below is an exceptional selection of pieces that we have on display relating to the American Civil War. We also have a large collection of books that have been donated to us for our Library. Stop in to see these!

Click on any image for a larger version with additional descriptive text about them!

US revolutionary War Uniform Stencil

1)U.S. Model 1842 69 caliber musket mfg. @ Springfield Armory, 1844. An old label on the reverse of the stock states 'Rebel musket - From the Battle of Gettysburg. Found in the lines of Gen. Lee's Army, the left center of the Army of the Union, July 5th, 1863. The barrel is partly cut through by a fragment of a shell! Presented by G.A Bradich. UVM   <br /><br>  2)U.S. Model 1841 54 caliber “Mississippi” Rifle. Thought by many to be the most handsome of all U.S. rifles. Bored out to 58 caliber, these rifles were used by both the North and the South in the War. This rifle was carried by Pvt. Thomas Cosgrove. He was a Congressional Medal of Honor winner and a member of “F” Co., 40th Mass. Volunteers. Born 1 Dec. 1820 in County Galway, Ireland and died in Lexington, MA, Mar. 1912. Great grandfather of BG(Ret) Benjamin Day, VTARNG  <br/><br>  3)U.S. Model 1860 NCO sword. Carried as a badge of honor by Sergeants (non-Commissioned Officers) in the Union Army.

U.S. Civil War cartridge box for carrying 58 caliber paper wrapped cartridges. (UVM)!

Civil War period enlisted man's frock coat

Civil War officers frock coat

Civil War period officer's frock coat, 2nd. Lt. Artillery

Civil War four button “Fatigue Jacket"

7) French Pinfire Revolver. A ppopular imported pistol privately purchased by members of both the Union and Confedrate armies. <br> 8) Remington 44 caliber percussion revolver and holster. Issued by the Government to the Union Army. <br> 9) Brigadier General's epaulette. <br> 10) Cartridge pouch for holding paper wrapped cartridges for both 36 and 44 caliber percussion revolvers. <br> 11) A 'houswife' or soldiers sewing kit used by Seymour Wood during the Civil War.<br> 12) Civil War tourniquet and container. <br>13) Confederate $20. bill. <br> 14) Confederate belt uckle.<br> 15) Cavalry officer's glove <br> 16) Civil War 'KEPI' or forage cap. <br> 17) Civil War uniform stencil

7) Relic Civil War canteens found on a battlefield long after the War. A Confederate example is on the left, a Union on the right.<br>  9) A collection of various spent projectiles as were found on a typical Civil War battlefield. The collection includes cannon fired rounds as well as 58 caliber musket balls and a bullet from a 36 caliber revolver.<br>  10) Bayonet for a Civil War 58 caliber musket. The bayonet, the cartridge box (#4) and the cap box (#8) were the basic equipment carried by a soldier of either side into battle.